Both the Siamese, from which it derives its colored points, and the Persian, which it resembles the most, contributed to the beauty of the Himalayan cat, which is loved all over the world and has become increasingly popular in recent years. It took British breeder Brian Sterling-Webb more than 10 years to produce the Himalayan breed, which finally earned breed registration status in 1955. The Himalayan is one of few breeds that was created only via human intervention. The Himalayan is known as the Colourpoint Longhair in England. This is not its official name.
Himalayans have luxurious, long coats that mat easily, therefore requiring daily grooming to keep their coats free of the painful mats that they can get so easily. So make sure that you are willing to give them the care that they need. They are gentle, docile cats, but they still love to play as most typical cats do.
Himalayans are actually considered to be a breed of the Persian family since they most resemble the Persian cat in their body type. But the Himalayan is defined by the point colors, which they get from their Siamese side, and while their points can vary from chocolate, seal, and red to lilac cream lynx, their body colors run in a variety of shades from white to fawn. One of the most beautiful and outstanding features of the Himalayan cat is the deep, vivid, blue eyes that they get from their Siamese ancestors. The Himalayan also has tiny ears set atop a broad head, full large cheeks, a snub nose, and large round eyes, a combination that creates such a sweet yet extreme expression that most people cannot resist them.
However, the creation of the Himalayan was not a simple achievement. The earliest known attempts at the breed actually occurred in Sweden and the United States in the early 1920s. In the United States, it took five long years of dedicated breeding by a couple that was both associated with the Harvard Medical School. And although a successful Himalayan was produced in 1931, named Debutante, there is no record in existence that she gave birth to a new generation of Himalayans. Actually, the breeding experiment was conducted not to produce a new breed of cat but to try and solve some genetic problems.
It wasn’t easy producing the perfect Himalayan. It takes a lot more than cross-breeding a Siamese with a Persian. The initial consequences of those first breedings produced non-pointed, short-haired kittens with copper to yellow eyes, long noses, big ears, and a much daintier body than Persian cats are supposed to have. They were literally ugly ducklings.
Initially, only one in sixteen kittens were produced with the desired effects, leaving perseverance, hard work, calendar watching and backcrossing to finally do the trick. Today, an overwhelming sixty-two percent of all registered cats are Persians, which includes the beloved Himalayans and color point carriers, and as far as Himalayan cat lovers are concerned, long hair and bright colors are the prevailing vogues.